After living in London for just under 5 years I finally qualify for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR). I have been preparing for this since I first arrived! Saving all my bills, contract, payslips and whatever other documentation I thought would be useful for the application. Yes, I am a little intense thinking about this before I had even lived here for a couple of years.
One of the most confusing things about applying for visas is the evidence. What on earth do they expect you to provide!? As it’s such a stressful process I wanted to make sure I could share the information and steps I took to get my Indefinite Leave to Remain.
I hope this article gives you an idea of the ILR experience or evidence you are expected to produce. If you have any questions about the process or my evidence let me know in the comment section! Good Luck and I hope your application goes smoothly.
Disclaimer: This is based on my experience (I’m not a lawyer or immigration advisor) and you should seek professional legal advice if you are unsure. Go to GOV UK to check if there have been any changes to the visa rule & fees.
Indefinite Leave to Remain Visa Criteria for Ancestry Route
The criteria for the IRL is:
- you’ve been living and working in the UK for 5 years with a UK Ancestry visa
- you’ve spent no more than 180 days outside the UK in any 12 months of the last 5 years (known as ‘continuous residence’) – if you have then you will need to apply for an extension until you qualify.
If you’re 18 to 64 years old when you apply, you must also:
- pass the Life in the UK Test
- meet the English language requirements.
Before You Start Applying
The earliest you can apply is in your final 28 days before your visa ends. For example; my visa expired on the 10th of September 2018 so the start of the 28 days would be the 13th of August. Therefore the 13th of August is the first day I was allowed to apply.
The application itself can be started way more in advance. I think it’s 70 days in advance that the website allows you to prepare the application before you need to re-do the application.
Make sure you complete your Life in the UK test before your application as well. There are no expiry dates on this so you can complete it any time you are ready.
Indefinite Leave to Remain Visa Financial Requirements
There is no listed financial requirements for the UK Ancestry route i.e. that you need savings in your account or give proof of income (just to clarify proof of incomes means that you need to prove you earn over a certain amount). There is a statement that you need to show that you can support yourself which I did by showing my savings accounts and various other documents (more in the documents section below).
For example, on Tier 2 ILR you will need to prove that you are on the jobs shortage list and you meant the minimum salary requirements.
The cost for ILR in 2018 is £2,389 to apply by post and £2,999 to apply in person (Super Priority) and this cost is per person. For the latest fees check GOV.UK settle
Please note that as of the 29th March 2019 the Super Priority service will increase to £800. You can see the latest fee list here:
You can pay the fees by debit or credit card. I paid the fee on my credit card, one to get the air miles and second I got to show that I had more savings.
Applying Yourself or Using a Company For Your ILR?
I applied by myself this time around instead of using of a company. This time around I put a lot more research into what I needed to do to evidence the visa and information I would need. I was confident that I would be successful.
When I was at the Home Office there were a lot of applicants using companies so there will be plenty of places offering this service if you wish to choose this option. If you have a complicated application it’s a less riskier option to go with.
Arrival Date or Visa Start Date (which to use when applying for Indefinite Leave to Remain)
Before we start the application process less answer the question I see all the time on expat communities! Arrival Date or Visa Start Date?
Read page 8 Period between the issue of entry clearance and entering
the UK of this document:
It basically says that as long as you arrive within 180 days after your visa starts and don’t go over the continuous period (i.e. 180 days in a rolling year) you can apply for ILR.
UK Visas has launched a new beta site for Settlement Visa, to apply use this link. You can start the application in advance and will allow you time to complete the form.
With the new process, appointments will be available up to 28 days in advance. Gov.uk says on the initial Set(O) application page “Do not apply any sooner than 28 days before you complete your qualifying period.” A recommendation from
As everyone needs to enrol their biometrics with their visa application you will need to book an appointment.
Submitting Your Application
At the end of the application process you will be provided with three options to submit your application, only two are a viable option which is:
- Standard service – get a decision within 6 months
Super priority– get a decision in 24 hours.
- Read more about processing times here.
Additionally not having my passport up to 6 months means that I won’t be able to travel so if something happened at home I wouldn’t be able to go. Plus not having an international holiday for 6 months!? That would be a struggle for me.
The online application process will give you five documents you will need to bring as well:
- Copy of the payment
- Checklist (explained below)
- Bio-metric enrolment
- Verification checks (explained below)
- And the application.
Booking Your Appointment
Once you complete your online form and pay the fees you will be emailed an access code. This is used to book an appointment through the online portal on the
This is also the portal you will self upload your support evidence. null
Evidence Required for Indefinite Leave to Remain Application
UK Visas new beta site now provides a handy checklist. In the below sections I have included what I provide and what the immigration asked for so you can see the comparison.
I find lots of threads asking whether the documents must be originals or copies can be supplied. As of the 5th of November, the Home Office now states “any evidence requested after this date can be originals or copies. However, if we require your passport it must be the original and not a copy.”
All bold sections
The passport issued by Australia for Miss Katherine…
Ok, pretty easy this one! I just included my current passport.
Two passport photos for Miss Katherine …. On the back of your passport photograph, please provide your full name. There are rules about what your photograph should look like. To find out more about these rules, go to https://www.gov.uk/photos-for-passports.
Again another easy requirement, I included two passport photos of myself with my name written on the back.
The Home Office has announced, “If you submit your application on or after 5 November 2018 you will not be required to provide a passport photo as part of your application.”
Life in the UK Test pass notification.
Include your Life in the UK Test pass letter in the application.
Please, please, please don’t leave this to the last minute! Also make sure your details are 100% correct. I have known people to get refused to take the test because their ID cut off their middle name or their country of birth was wrong. There is no expiry date so do this as soon as possible!
Reasons for absences from the UK .
I included a full list of absences, tally of days outside of the UK and both passports to prove my absences. I have created a Google Docs spreadsheet as an example but you can also use the template to calculate your reason for absences.
If you are applying via Tier 2 IRL then you will need to include a letter from your workplace to support the absences.
Document(s) showing that you are able to work and intend to take or seek employment in the UK.
For this, I included all employment contracts, payslips, a letter from the HMRC, P60’s and a few P45’s.
Consent form for the Home Office to request verification checks on Miss Katherine for joint accounts or third party support.
The consent forms are included in the application documents. If you have joints accounts with your partner or anyone else then they will need to sign this. The sponsor will also be required to fill out a consent form. No joint accounts or sponsor then this isn’t required.
Declaration signed by Miss Katherine to confirm consent for the Home Office to request verification checks.
Again like the requirement above it just requires a form to be signed.
The Australia passport, identity card or official letter for Miss Katherine to prove the level of English language required.
Another easy one for me, I included my passport. Some nationalities will require to take an English test, the pass letter just needs to be included in the application. Find out more information by going to https://www.gov.uk/english-language.
Evidence of Miss Katherine immigration status in the UK.
For this I had my current visa and the documents I used to prove my Ancestry so my birth certificate, mums birth certificate and granddads. I didn’t expect them to needs this and I just added a precaution more than anything else. When I asked the officers at the premium service she said that I should include it so I suggest adding this evidence.
- If you are employed at the date of application, please provide a letter from your current employer which confirms they will continue in their current job with that employer.
- Documents to show you are employed, such as recent wage slips.
- If you are self-employed, please provide one of the following: business and/or company accounts official letter from a registered accountant which confirms self-employment official tax documentation.
Unemployed Evidence (plus gaps in working history):
- If you are unemployed at the date of application, please provide alternate evidence to show your employment record throughout the five year period in this category of leave, and of any attempts to make and find work. If you have been unemployed for long periods over the five years, you must provide reasons why you have failed to find work and evidence to show you have been looking for it. You must also provide evidence of how you can support yourself without a regular income.
I asked my work workplace to provide a letter stating that I worked there and I also provided my current workplace contract to support this requirement. I’ve not had any gaps in my work whilst in the UK a part from when I arrived in the UK and therefore didn’t include any other evidence.
Evidence of your finances. Bank statements, building society savings book(s), pay slips or other formal documents as evidence of your ability to maintain and accommodate yourself and any dependants without recourse to public funds. Note, we do not accept internet or cashpoint statements as evidence of finances. If you claim that a relative or friend is providing you with financial support, in addition to evidence of your own finances, you must provide bank statements or other documents of the kind described above as evidence of their financial resources. The documents showing the finances available to you and to any person supporting you should cover at least the last three months.
I asked my banks to provide one year of statements to support this evidence, HSBC provided this with ease and cover letter, however, Lloyds only provide 3 months (this is the minimum evidence) printed at the bank which they stamp to validate the statement.
I had four accounts I did this for plus I had a stack of old bank statements from 2013 until about 2015 which I included as additional evidence.
I actually forgot one of my bank statements, however, it was a small saving account so in the grand scheme of things I don’t think it would have added anything additional.
Update: When I applied there wasn’t a specific date range included in the checklist for payslips. Since applying (as I understand) there has been an update to the checklist and you only need to provide 6 months but double-check!
For my application, I included two jobs worth of history which equated to 4 years’ worth of payslips.
My support evidence wasn’t perfect as I only found my first jobs payslips at the last minutes so didn’t include these. Ideally these should have been included, however, I did have an HMRC letter that supports that I worked between this time and the company that it was with. My new job hadn’t issued a payslip yet so the supporting letter and contract was the only thing I had the support that job.
Psstt… to get an HMRC letter is really easy just 0300 200 3300, ask for 5 years’ worth of employment history to be sent to you in a letter and you will get something like this.
If you have received a new passport since your last leave to remain application, and your visa is in your old passport, you must include both passports. If you do not provide any of these documents, we may not be able to make a decision on your application. Please note that we may occasionally ask you to provide other documents in addition to those listed.
I didn’t have all my previous passports so I just included one which was my passport valid from 2008 until 2018.
Indefinite Leave to Remain Visa Processing Time
The processing time has changed with the new UKVAS service, you should expect a decisions within the following timelines:
- Standard service – get a decision within 6 months
– get a decision in 24 hours. Super priority
Depending on the service you choose you should get an email from Home Office on that your application was approved or denied. If approved then you will receive by post your BRP and approval letter.
Once a decision has been made on your application you will be sent a letter stating whether you were approved or not approved.
As it is now emailed/posted to you I am not sure whether the caseworker is meant to tell you the reasons why you are unsuccessful. You could call the UKVI Support Centre to find out more information.
Fingers crossed that it is a positive answer!!!
Receiving Your Biometric Residence Permit (BRP)
The letter advising you that your application is approved will state that a Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) has been ordered and sent to your address. If you completed the application yourself then it will be sent to your home, otherwise, it will be sent to the agency you used.
The BRP card should arrive in 10 working days, there are details in the letter of what to do if your BRP doesn’t arrive. The letter will also include handy information about your BRP, what happens if it gets lost etc.
The Home Office has a courier company that they assign to deliver the BRP from Monday to Friday between 9 am to 5 pm. I am not sure you if you can track when your BRP card arrives via the visa website I got locked out!
If the courier company fails to deliver it to you the first time, they will send a letter with an ID you can use to re-book the delivery. It’s then a simple case of showing them some ID and signing for the package.
Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) Has an Expiry Dates
I had no idea that BRP had expiry dates until my card arrived! Turns out every 5ish years you will need to renew your BRP. I have read that others got 10 years on theirs my mine is weird 5 years 5 months until I need to renew it. You won’t need to reapply if you decide to progress down the citizenship path.
My Application Explained
Hope that helps with your application! Good luck!!!